It is known that facial appearance changes over time, and this is a perfectly natural process. However, while some people age very quickly, other age well and look years younger than they actually are. The basis of attractiveness are balance and facial symmetry: some people are born with these features, while others decide to go for a cosmetic surgery in order to improve their facial traits. There are numerous factors that contribute to aging (such as the environmental factors), and we all want to look the best we can for as long as we can.
Basically, the face can be divided into three distinct areas: the upper face, the mid face and the lower face. Facial harmony is certainly the key to looking fresh and young over time, and this refers to a perfect balance between these three facial areas.
We all age differently, and this is why some facial areas age faster than others. Using a facial rejuvenation treatment or a cosmetic surgery aims to not only remove annoying wrinkles, but also to keep the whole face in harmony, thereby achieving a fresh, natural look.
The overall effects of aging reflect what happens inside and outside our bodies, and the aging process affects all four layers of the face: skin, soft tissue, muscle and bone. The deep circles around the eyes are caused by loss of bone, which means less support for the soft tissue. Over the years, the constant activity of the facial muscles significantly contributes to the formation of wrinkles (crow's feet, forehead lines and such). These are permanent wrinkles.
Loss of muscle elasticity contributes to the descent of the brow. Moreover, with aging, loss of volume becomes more and more visible. This is why the cheek bones become less defined. This is how nasolabial folds are formed. In addition, decreased muscle elasticity means less support for fat pads that sit under the eyes, therefore they slowly begin to bulge. Fine lines around the mouth (also called "Accordion lines") are caused by repeated facial expressions and facial volume loss.
Loss of bone leads to a progressive loss of jawline definition. Combined with decreased muscle elasticity, this leads to the appearance of jowls. In addition, the corners of the mouth slowly start to turn downward and repeated muscle action in the chin leads to dimpling of the chin.
Besides the environmental factors, other factors that contribute to aging of the skin are sun damage and smoking, which lead to skin pigmentation, loss of tone and texture. The main areas that people discuss with the cosmetician include: forehead lines, frown lines, crow's feet, temples, brow, bunny lines. These areas can be treated with muscle relaxants, derma fillers or cosmetic surgery. These procedure aim to reduce wrinkles and restore volume in the upper face.
The mid face is affected by tear troughs, nasolabial folds and skin pigmentation issues. The lower face is particularly affected by lip lines, loss of lip volume, accordion lines and loss of jawline definition. Again, volumizing fillers and derma fillers are able to address all these areas of concern.
Muscle relaxants have been used for over 20 years, and they aim to reduce the existing facial lines and prevent further formation of wrinkles. Derma fillers are gels which aim to provide support and increase skin elasticity, and they can be used to fill in discrete regions and the lips. Last but not least, volumizing fillers aim to enhance or restore the structure of larger areas of the face, such as cheeks or the jawline.
Everyone's needs are different, this is why it is important to talk to a clinician who can give you professional advice regarding the most suitable facial treatment for you. There are numerous treatment options available: cosmaceuticals, microdermabrasion, laser or IPL and chemical peel. Moreover, it is essential to keep your body well-hydrated by drinking 8 glasses of water daily, and protect your skin by wearing a hat, sunglasses and high SPF sunscreen on a daily basis.